Alustat eivät ilmesty tyhjästä!

Kohti uusia ja radikaaleja liiketoimintamahdollisuuksia digitaalisilla alustoilla: Ei ole olemassa yhtä ainoaa tietä menestykseen vaan reittejä on monia!

Alustojen ytimestä löytyvät tuotteet ja palvelut, jotka liittävät toimijat yhteen – kohti saumattomia asiakaskokemuksia. Nämä saumattomat palvelukokemukset tuottavat tietoa, joka voi jaettuna, integroituna, tai analysoituna luoda uusia liiketoimintamahdollisuuksia alustan omistajalle ja liiketoimintakumppaneille.  Useiden alustojen ja niiden digitaalisen vuorovaikutuksen rajoja ylitettäessä syntyy lisää tietoa – laajaa dataa – joka mahdollistaa monimuotoisen tiedon integroimisen. Haluamamme radikaalisti uudenlaiset liiketoimintamahdollisuudet odottavat eri tietoaineistojen ja tietolähteiden yhtymäkohdassa. Mutta kuinka tavoitteeseen päästään?

Digitaaliset alustat ovat paikkoja digitaaliselle kanssakäymiselle ja ne koostuvat erilaisista arvoa tuottavista rakennuspalikoista.  Näiden rakennuspalikoiden on toimittava yhdessä! Niin kutsuttujen rajaresurssien täytyy mahdollistaa saumaton tekninen ja yhteistoiminnallinen vuorovaikutus. Jos siis tarjoamasi saumaton asiakaskokemus hyötyisi täydentävistä mikropalveluista (microservices), niin niiden tulee olla käytettävissä ratkaisuunne yhteensopivien ohjelmointirajapintojen (API) kautta.

Tarkistuslista

Jos et ole tutustunut alustaratkaisujen vuorovaikutuksen ja rajaresurssien tärkeyteen, ota ensimmäinen askel oheisen tarkistuslistan avulla! Se perustuu tutkimustyöhön, teollisuuden ja muiden sidosryhmien näkemyksiin ja kokemuksiin sekä Suomessa että muualla.

  • Mikä on se ongelma, jota olette ratkaisemassa alustoilla?
  • Millaiseen vuorovaikutukseen haluatte osallistua?
  • Mikä on vahvuutenne?
  • Oletteko valmiita globaaliin toimintaan?
  • Missä kohtaa digitaalista evoluutiota olette tällä hetkellä?
  • Oletteko määritelleet tekniset ja yhteistoiminnalliset resurssinne?
  • Miten osaatte tarttua ohjelmointirajapintojen tarjoamiin liiketoimintamahdollisuuksiin?
  • Miten osaatte tukea ei-teknisiä rajaresursseja?
  • Mikä on skaalattavuustavoitteenne?
  • Onko teiltä datastrategia?
  • Millainen on alustanne ekosysteemi?
  • Millainen toimija haluatte olla perustuen resursseihinne ja verkostoasemaanne?
  • Oletteko miettineet asemaanne alustaekosysteemissä?
  • Tiedättekö mistä lähteä liikkeelle – ja kuinka edetä?

Lisätietoa aiheesta löytyy julkaisusta: Platform Economy Interactions & Boundary Resources

Ajattelun muutos

Digitaalisten alustojen myötä pelin logiikka on muuttunut, eivätkä kaikki toimijat voi omistaa tai tarjota alustoja. Ei siis ole olemassa yhtä ainoaa tietä menestykseen!

Tutustu myös aiempiin alustoja koskeviin postauksiin:

Alustaekosysteemi määrittelee uuden talouden keskeiset tekijät

Avoimuus on avain alustatalouteen

Kaikki liittyy alustoihin – ja alustat kaikkeen

 

Katri Valkokari
Katri Valkokari
Tutkimuspäällikkö, VTT
katri.valkokari(a)vtt.fi

 

marko-seppänen-3
Marko Seppänen
Professori, TUT
marko.seppanen(a)tut.fi

 

vttblog_kaisa_still_marko_seppanen_katri_valkokari_crop
Kaisa Still
Erikoistutkija, VTT
kaisa.still(a)vtt.fi

Find out what your users want, but don’t give it to them!

User experience can drive innovation, but if you’re looking for epoch-making innovation, don’t look only at what the users want.

In our user research work, we talk a lot to professional users. We interview them on what they do with a view to wrapping our findings into product and service concepts. The irony of our work is that even though user experience data is invaluable, if we really want to come up with a big new domain disruptor concept, we’re better off not going along what the users wish for.

Hands on learning in the Deep South

We were a few years back on the East Coast of the US doing fieldwork for Konecranes. The plan was to interview local crane operators, as part of a core-task analysis to discover the general demands of their work. These findings would eventually fold into a prototype system for a remote operator station, delivered through our InnoLeap approach.

Down at the wharf side, they can be a bunch of tough guys, and not keen on being interviewed by Finnish scientists. After a few false starts, we decided to bin the interview plan and settle for small talk. Although not a Finnish specialty, once we’d introduced the topic of last night’s ball game, we quickly found ourselves in full conversation and sharing mode.

In terms of developing an empathetic understanding of the users, we were well on our way. These crane operators knew exactly what they were doing and why. After years on the job, they had an intuitive nose for their operations making them able to sniff out potential problems and analyze the safety of their operations.

shutterstock_569308957

However, once we started asking them for ideas on how they could do things more easily, more safely and more efficiently, for example through automated operations, they were generally stumped. In most cases, we find that users are too closely wedded to their current systems and practices to be intuitively able to even conceive of a radical new approach. On top of that, users are not necessarily up to speed with the whole gambit of technical possibilities or trends that the future has on offer.

Intelligent towing for ghost ships

As another case in point, the InnoLeap team worked with Rolls-Royce Marine, to develop new concepts for future ship bridges. One important user study finding was the need for tugboat operators escorting large ships to constantly anticipate the movement of the bigger ships being towed, especially in turbulent seas. Massive cargo ships turn slowly so tugs need to assist in an anticipatory way before the big vessel gets into trouble.

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Since these ships of the future may be autonomous, or ghost ships, as some of the users called them, the design goal had to be remote but highly intelligent. Taking into account the user findings and design goals, we came up with, for example, one concept solution called Intelligent Towing, which involved a direct data transfer from the big ship to the digital window head-up display of the tugboat. Information included the speed, turning rate, and distance between the two vessels, as well as the rate of strain directed on the towline.

How to address the irony of user research and radical innovation

The developed concepts and their visualizations scored a very high wow factor from the industry as well as technology pundits and even mainstream media. The secret to success from our side was to involve the user experience perspective only once we’d achieved what we call the fuzzy front end of design. This is the time when we’re free to come up with all kinds of initial concepts, even bordering on the absurd. Later we’ll have a chance to temper these ideas against the true user experience with a view to one day turning ideas into real marketable solutions.

This was also our intention in the fieldwork with Konecranes. At the end of our visit with the wharfies, we gave a hearty thank you and talked of a possible return visit to do some evaluations of our designs – and maybe even catch another ball game.

For more information, please visit: www.vtt.fi/innoleap/

hannu_karvonen_kuva
Hannu Karvonen
Research Scientist, VTT
hannu.karvonen(a)vtt.fi

 

 

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Mikael Wahlström
Senior Scientist, VTT
mikael.wahlstrom(a)vtt.fi

 

 

Exact and Reliable Measuring is a Must in the Modern World

In 1960, important events took place, for example, seventeen African countries became independent, John F. Kennedy was elected as the president of the USA, and Fidel Castro held 4.5-hour marathon speech in the United Nations.

A less known event in 1960 was the redefinition of meter. It started a series of events which will be completed next year. Meter had been introduced already in 1799 and it was based on the length of one particular metal bar which is stored in Paris, France. The definition of meter was further defined a few times but in 1960 it was replaced with a definition based on the wavelength of krypton spectral lamp.

In 1983 the speed of light in a vacuum was declared as a physical constant. It has since formed the basis for the definition of meter. An exact constant offers the best possible definition for meter now and also in the future.

Next year is going to be big for measurement science. The International System of Units (SI) is going to be revamped and all units will be based on physical constants. SI units have always been based on the most exact methods available at the time. The new system will be published in the 26th meeting of the CGPM in Versailles and adopted on May 20th 2019 which is the annual World Metrology Day.

In addition to meter, SI units are kilogram, second, ampere, kelvin, mole, and candela. The new definitions of these units and their usage guidelines are already available for download.

For example kilogram will get a new definition next fall. At first, kilogram was defined as a cubic decimeter of water. At the end of the nineteenth century, a platinum-iridium prototype of kilogram was created and stored also in Paris. Kilogram has been the final obstacle for renewing the SI system. Over a hundred years old prototype has been the best way to define kilogram until these days.

In 2011 started a development work based on two methods, which enable adopting the new definition. These methods are based on watt, or Kibble, balance and the number of atoms in a silicon sphere. These new methods are linked together with Planck’s constant.

Defining SI units might feel quite distant for a layman. However, the more you think of it, the more important it starts to seem. The exact nature of units is in the core of science and you have to be able to trust them in calculations and applications built on top of those calculations. Well-functioning definitions also enable global collaboration. This is essential in modern industry, where products are assembled of components from all over the world.

There are dozens of application areas for measurement science. Trade and industrial production are the most traditional ones. The amount of measurement data grows at an accelerating speed also on other domains and exact methods enable better functioning applications. In some areas such as healthcare, energy, and aviation even the smallest measurement errors can lead to catastrophic consequences. New areas enter the field of measurement science all the time. At the moment such are for example environmental technologies and manufacturing.

As the national metrology institute, VTT has a special role in Finland regarding measurement science and SI units. It is VTT’s responsibility to maintain, develop, and control the SI system in Finland. And being a research institute, VTT naturally carries out several measurement science projects together with domestic and international partners.

The prototypes of meter and kilogram are these days secondary. You don’t have to base your calculations on them anymore. In 2018, as the new SI units will be introduced, measurement science will again jump to a next level.

MikkoM

Mikko Merimaa
Vice President, MIKES Metrology
mikko.merimaa(a)vtt.fi
Tel. +358 50 410 5517

www.mikes.fi/en
www.vttresearch.com/services/vtt-mikes-metrology

 

 

Tarkka ja luotettava mittaaminen on nykymaailmassa välttämätöntä

Vuoden 1960 tapahtumia maailmalla olivat mm. seitsemäntoista Afrikan maan itsenäistyminen siirtomaaisännistään, John F. Kennedyn valinta Yhdysvaltain presidentiksi ja Fidel Castron 4,5 tunnin maratonpuhe YK:n yleiskokouksessa.

Eräs vähemmän tunnettu vuoden 1960 tapaus oli metrin uudelleenmäärittely, historiallinen alkusysäys kehitykselle, joka saadaan päätökseen ensi vuonna. Metri oli lanseerattu jo vuonna 1799, ja se perustui pitkään Pariisissa säilytettävän metallipalkin pituuteen. Määritelmää tarkennettiin muutamaan otteeseen, mutta 1960 se vaihdettiin krypton-spektrilampun tuottaman valon aallonpituuteen perustuvaan määritelmään.

Vuonna 1983 valon nopeus tyhjiössä määriteltiin luonnonvakioksi, jolle annettiin tarkka arvo. Siitä lähtien pituusmittaukset ovat kytkeytyneet aikaan ja taajuuteen. Määrittely luonnonvakion kautta mahdollistaa metrin toteutuksen mahdollisimman tarkasti myös tulevaisuudessa.

Ensi vuonna tapahtuu taas: Mittayksikköjen SI-järjestelmään ollaan tekemässä isoa remonttia, jonka jälkeen myös muut yksiköt perustuvat luonnonvakioihin. SI-järjestelmän yksiköiden määritelmät ovat aina perustuneet kulloinkin käytössä olleisiin tarkimpiin menetelmiin.  Uuden järjestelmän käyttöönotosta päätetään marraskuussa 2018 Versailles’ssa, järjestyksessään 26. kansainvälisessä mittayksikköjen konferenssissa. Näillä näkymin uusi järjestelmä otetaan käyttöön maailman metrologiapäivänä 20. toukokuuta 2019.

Metrin lisäksi SI-järjestelmään kuuluvat perusyksiköt ovat kilogramma, sekunti, ampeeri, kelvin, mooli ja kandela. Näiden yksiköiden päivitetyt määritelmät ja ohjeet niiden käyttämisestä viestinnässä on jo ladattavissa verkosta.

Esimerkiksi kilogrammalle julkistetaan ensi syksyn konferenssissa uusi määritelmä. Aluksi kilogramma johdettiin desimetristä veden avulla. 1800-luvun lopulla platina-iridiumseoksesta valettiin kilogramman prototyyppi, jota säilytetään myös Pariisissa. Kilogramma on ollut viimeinen este mittayksikköjärjestelmän uudistukselle. Yli sata vuotta vanha prototyyppi on näihin päiviin asti ollut paras tapa määrittää kilogramma.

Vuodesta 2011 alkaen pitkä kehitystyö kahden eri uuden realisointitavan osalta on alkanut tuottaa tuloksia, jotka mahdollistavat uuden määritelmän käyttöönoton. Nämä tavat ovat sähkömagneettinen punnitus ja piipallon atomien lukumäärään perustuva menetelmä. Uusia realisointitapoja yhdistää kilogramman uudelleenmäärittelyn yhteydessä kiinnitettävä Planckin vakio.

Yksiköiden määrittely saattaa tuntua maallikolle etäiseltä. Tarkemmin pohdittuna ollaan kuitenkin tekemisissä erittäin tärkeiden asioiden kanssa. Mittayksiköiden ja suureiden täsmällisyys on tieteen tekemisen ytimessä, ja mittauksiin pitää voida luottaa eri laskelmissa ja laskelmiin pohjautuvissa sovelluksissa. Toimivat määritelmät myös mahdollistavat mittaamisen yhteismitallisuuden eri puolilla maailmaa. Tämä on välttämätön edellytys modernille teolliselle tuotannolle, jossa laitteet kootaan eri puolilta maailmaa hankituista komponenteista.

Mittaustekniikan sovellusalueita on lukemattomia. Kauppa ja teollinen tuotanto ovat näistä perinteisimpiä. Mittaustiedon määrä kasvaa kiihtyvällä vauhdilla myös muilla alueilla, ja täsmällinen mittaaminen mahdollistaa entistä paremmin toimivat sovellukset. Esimerkiksi terveydenhuollossa, energiateollisuudessa ja lentoliikenteessä pienilläkin mittausvirheillä voi olla katastrofaaliset seuraukset.  Myös uusia aloja tulee koko ajan mittaustekniikan piiriin. Tällä hetkellä esimerkiksi ympäristötekniikka ja valmistus hyödyntävät mittaustekniikkaa päivä päivältä enemmän.

VTT:llä on Suomessa erityinen rooli mittaustekniikan ja mittayksiköiden suhteen. Se on kansallinen metrologialaitos, jonka vastuulla on SI-mittayksikköjärjestelmän ylläpitäminen, kehittäminen ja valvominen Suomessa. Tämän lisäksi VTT:llä on toki merkittävä rooli myös metrologiaan pohjautuvassa tutkimuksessa yhdessä kotimaisten ja kansainvälisten yhteistyökumppaneiden kanssa.

Metrin ja kilogramman prototyypeillä on uusien määritelmien myötä enää välillinen arvo eikä niihin tarvitse perustaa laskelmia. Ensi vuonna mittaaminen ottaa jälleen yhden tärkeän askeleen eteenpäin, kun uudet määritelmät lanseerataan.MikkoM

 
Mikko Merimaa
Vice President, MIKES Metrology
mikko.merimaa@vtt.fi
Puh. +358 5041 05517
www.mikes.fi
www.vttresearch.com/services/vtt-mikes-metrology

 

Will robots make us better persons?

How will our society change as artificial intelligence and robotics develop? To what kind of new humanity will robotics liberate us? Will the added value brought by robots be available for the well-to-do only? We must start discussing ethics of new technology before this technology becomes an integral part of our everyday lives. The essential thing is to keep posing questions, even if there were no answers to be found right away.

Often it is even more essential to keep posing questions than finding answers to them. This is true at least when faced with ethical questions. Ethical questions related to the use and instilling of technology require asking questions, consideration and debate from versatile perspectives and at different levels. This is particularly important, when we are in the process of pushing people whose voice is not always very clearly heard in our society to use technology: those living in the margins of our society. They need us others, who might be able to give them a voice through our own deliberations.

Very seldom ethical consideration of matters reaches a fruitful level if they are discussed between own team members or colleagues only; Establishing a wider perspective requires views from various angles and stakeholders.

Ethical technology and many-voiced approach

I ran a workshop that VTT organised in collaboration with RoboBisnes operators, or the North Karelia Municipal Education and Training Consortium and Karelia University of Applied Sciences. With a group of 40 people, we spent a whole afternoon delving deep into the opportunities offered and the concerns raised by robotics and artificial intelligence. We sought perspectives, for example, from the everyday lives of older people and the mentally disabled.

Ari Tarkiainen, Project Manager at Karelia University of Applied Sciences, made an important observation at the session: “In a way, ethics is kind of an inherent part of new technology, since new applications and opportunities produce a lot of situations of which we have no previous experience. It is also descriptive of the current situation that such new situations have not been taken into account in legislation and no practices have been established for managing them. Therefore, ethical questions should be strongly highlighted all the time. VTT has been acting as a key expert and developer in this collaboration between ethics and technology”.

Technology is not black and white

Even though universal ethical values guide us to consider what is good and bad, or right and wrong, technology is never black and white. When we listen to each other – and also really hear what is being said – the border between black and white begins to waver and we begin to see bright colours and different shades of grey. In the hum of voices (and North Karelians are known for being eager to talk!), the values shared by most of us find a fairly comprehensible form within the Finnish framework.

After a while, that clarity fades away, when we keep on examining these values from a multicultural perspective:

  • Which values can take us forward?
  • What creates trust in society?
  • What kind of fringe areas does digitisation create, and who live in these fringes?
  • To what kind of new humanity would technology going beyond our thinking capacity liberate us?
  • Why does technology sometimes raise issues of insecurity and vulnerability regardless of the fact that it also opens up new enchanting paths in our everyday lives.
  • What is the ethical thread that will last until the end?

When discussing these questions, and going forwards and backwards, we came up with some positive visions of robotics. “Robots enable easy-to-use user interfaces and increase digital inclusion. Maybe, with the help of ugly robots, we also learn to accept the different appearances of people. It is great that robots do not know how to have tantrums! I could quite easily trust them with all cleaning duties.” Some female participants were also of the opinion that, luckily, robots are quite advanced, unlike human males, which are still being developed in the right direction in many households. Tears were running down people’s cheeks with laughter, and there was room for all kinds of opinions at the session venue, near the Joensuu market place.

Talking and laughing together, sharing our common experiences, does good to us people. That is something a robot is unlikely to be capable of any time soon. But robots can liberate us of from many dull tasks to having the kind of ‘quality time’ together as described above.

We will organise more similar workshops in the future. Consideration of the borders and framework conditions of humanity is important, and right now, in the middle of major changes, it is particularly important.

Read more at www.vttresearch.com/services/digital-society

jaana_leikas

Jaana Leikas
Principal Scientist, VTT
jaana.leikas(a)vtt.fi
Cell: +358 407 500 211

Finland could be the next Silicon Valley: Lessons from Silicon Valley – speed, flexibility and boldness

piilaakso

Silicon Valley is a great place to see first-hand how technology can be turned into success stories. As a small, pilot-scale country and a pioneer in digitalisation, Finland is in an excellent position to take advantage of the growth opportunities presented by technological development.

I had the pleasure of attending the Silicon Valley Experience 2017 event in September. The momentum there is certainly mind-blowing. And thankfully also inspiring. I want to take this opportunity to share my experience with you and draw a few comparisons between the atmosphere in Silicon Valley and Finland’s current situation and possibilities.

Time is not your friend in innovation

Are we quick enough and does our culture encourage experimentation?

Finland has given birth to a wonderful start-up culture, with organisations such as Aalto University leading the way through the transformation. Thumbs up to them. We are on the right track. However, we need to be bolder and throw ourselves into new things even faster and on a more international scale.

How can we inject this same enthusiasm into larger corporations as well?

We were introduced to the philosophy and business of two Silicon Valley enterprises that still consider themselves start-ups. Google and Facebook are both growing at a rate of tens of thousands of employees per year. However, their corporate cultures are firmly rooted in open-minded experimentation, and the staff are led on the basis of targets and results, not procedures.

In our own work community, we made a decision to devote even more energy to the cultural transformation:

  • Setting ambitious goals and making sure that they are reached, but with freedom in the implementation.
  • Fewer written plans and reports.
  • More flexibility, learning and choices.
  • The first step was a decision taken by VTT’s management team there and then to radically revise the way we approach innovative research.

Thumbs up to us! 🙂

I am personally very keen on the idea that you need to be leaning forward by so much that you have no choice but to run. Otherwise you fall flat on your face.

Pay it forward

Would we Finns be able to work together in a new way?

In Silicon Valley they believe that altruistic good deeds come back to you when needed.

We know that there is immense potential in new ecosystems, i.e. organisations’ partnership networks, and their disruptive value networks. This refers to new technology that transforms business and markets by making old technology, techniques or business models redundant. As a small, pilot-scale country and a pioneer in digitalisation, Finland is in an excellent position to take advantage of these opportunities. This requires the courage to put enough data into circulation.Think about all the new start-ups and services that could be found in the gaps! Surely everyone, or at least enough people, would ultimately win. I cannot see anyone suffering great losses in any case.

Are we bold enough to throw ourselves in with different partners and see what happens? Without demanding too linear and short-term a return – paying it forward.

Artificial intelligence changes everything: “50% taking action”

Artificial intelligence, machine learning and virtual reality. Almost every message centred around these concepts. Silicon Valley is a firm believer in the role of new technologies in bringing about the next big transformation since the internet.  This is evident in absolutely everywhere.

To summarise a lesson from Google: 1.7 megabytes of new data are created every second for every person on the planet. By 2020, the speed of data creation will be 44 times greater than in 2007. While today the focus between data accumulation, reporting and analysis is split at a ratio of 50/40/10, in the very near future “taking action” will account for 50% and data accumulation and reporting for only 20%.

Finland’s big chance definitely lies in applying artificial intelligence. Google alone spends more than Finland’s national budget on the development of core artificial intelligence technologies. We have strong domain know-how (e.g. autonomous systems, smart energy, health, the forest value chain). We are top experts and users of digital technology, and we have a culture that fosters broad-based cooperation.

How could we create an opportunity for world-class innovation ecosystems that are carried by a culture of experimentation to be born in Finland? How could we give just enough support to networks to overcome the initial friction and get moving? We already have the building blocks. Innovation ecosystems are practice platforms. Now is the time to launch them!

The focus of Silicon Valley has widened, and the cost of being based there has got out of control. This could be a sign of an approaching Big Bang. How about we get our hooks in now? And not wait until tomorrow. Finland could be the next Silicon Valley!

A big thank you to Boardman and #SVExperience17 for the wonderful Silicon Valley 2017 experience!

Erja Turunen VTTErja Turunen
Executive Vice President, Smart Industry and Energy Systems
Cell +358 50 380 9671
erja.turunen@vtt.fi
Twitter @turunen_erja

Robot cars – a future mode of transport

When your car moves without a driver, it suddenly begins to feel like a human and you even start talking to it. Will self-driving vehicles soon become part of everyday life? Will we be hopping into robot cars in the near future?

In May, VTT organised a customer event, where people had a genuine opportunity to find out how it feels to travel in a driverless car. A ‘safety person’ was present during the demo situation, but his only task was to monitor how the robot car behaves and enjoy amazing engineering work. However, humans are still needed to decide on the functionality of the vehicle but it has been pre-programmed as kind of a law book telling the car how to act in each situation. Time has passed since the spring day event; in the intervening period more laws have been inscribed in the book programmed into the cars, Marilyn & Martti. The next milestone was reached on 27th of June, when the silence between the engaged couple ended and the cars began exchanging data on their relative positions and avoiding each other with using the ITS G5 communication channel. Kisses are strictly forbidden, since each one would cost more than EUR 15,000.

Matti Kutila VTT

The robot cars Marilyn & Martti have provided tangible proof that motoring for future generations could and will be totally different to what we are used to. Young people use information technology, tablets, mobile phones and social media differently to those of us whose first computer was the legendary Commodore 64, acquired mainly for playing games. Cars may be here to stay, but they will be used differently – they are an efficient mode of transport that will be integrated into the transport system by the IT skills of young people, their adventurous spirit, and the availability of the ICT ecosystems. Automation will also allow drivers to become passengers which people are ordering using their mobile apps and IT clouds.

Matti Kutila VTT

Full automation is still some way off

When driving my first car (a Skoda 120 LS) in 1992, I could not imagine that, just 20 years later, my car might automatically park itself as my current car (a Volkswagen Touran) does. Similarly, in 20–30 years’ time my sons will reminisce about how their dad even drove his car in a city bustling with pedestrians, and had to do his own braking at red lights – making them to wonder how inefficient and unsafe was that era!

When I turned 18, it was obvious that I needed a driver’s licence and a car of my own. My sons may not think in the same way, since for them renting or sharing a car will also be an option, as long as they can get around – mobility will trump ownership. They are likely to obtain a driving licence of some kind, but their driving school will probably be different from mine, where the biggest challenges were memorising road signs and remembering to give way at hospital intersection in small city called Forssa. When switching on their car’s automated mode, my sons will probably need to learn how to supervise safety of the automation system and handle status messages of the in-vehicle computer units.

Matti Kutila VTT

Although I strongly believe that the future of road transport lies in automation, the transport system is unlikely to change overnight. This will occur through normal technical evolution, in which automation is introduced step-by-step one aspect, function and area at a time. Full, 24/7 automation everywhere, in any weather conditions and available for all is still 20–30 years ahead, but that is where development is taking us – I have no doubt about that. It is great to be part of the group that is moving this revolution forward and especially, be in the driver’s seat with my world-class colleagues, the VTT RobotCar Crew.

Matti Kutila_Citroen_01072016

Matti Kutila
Automated Vehicles, Research Team Leader
Twitter: @matti_kutila